Life is full of choices, from the clothes we wear to the cars we drive. Americans love having the freedom to do as they choose. But in some things, for good reason, we have no choice but to follow rules and laws that ensure public safety. This is especially true when it comes to regulations for elevators and other modes of vertical transportation. One of the most important regulations is the elevator evacuation plan, and every elevator owner is required to have one.
For the safety of all who use them, elevators are highly regulated. In Illinois, the Elevator Safety Division is responsible for implementing the Elevator Safety and Regulation Act through the registration, inspection, and certification of all conveyances in use. They also make sure those working on elevators are qualified by licensing contractors, mechanics, inspectors, inspection companies and apprentices.
Their jurisdiction extends to all of Illinois except the city of Chicago, and they work to ensure conveyances are correctly and safely installed and operated throughout the state. They regulate the design, installation, construction, operation, inspection, testing, maintenance, alteration and repair of not just elevators but also dumbwaiters, escalators, moving sidewalks, platform lifts, stairway lifts and automated people movers in accordance with all applicable statutes and rules.
Just one part of their regulation includes the elevator evacuation plan. It is one of the more crucial parts of the law that building owners must understand and implement if elevators are used. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) literally wrote the book on the evacuation plan, and it was codified by the state of Illinois, making it the law of the land that the Elevator Safety Division of the Illinois State Fire Marshal oversees and enforces.
In ASME Code A17.1-2007 – Section 18.104.22.168 Emergency Evacuation Procedures for Elevators, Section 22.214.171.124.2 – “A written emergency evacuation procedure shall be made and kept on the premises where an elevator is located. It is the responsibility of the elevator or conveyance owner to develop such procedures. Note that there is no single procedure that applies to every site and every elevator; there are variables to consider when developing your evacuation plan.”
It is the responsibility of the building owner to produce an evacuation plan to meet the needs of each specific building and elevator. To help with formulating a plan, the Office of the Illinois Fire Marshal provides the following information on their website:
In preparing your evacuation procedures, please consider the following:
- Is the site located in a heavily populated or remote area?
- Are personnel available to open the building after regular business hours?
- If the building employs a security company or answering service, how might they be useful?
- A written emergency evacuation procedure shall be made and kept on the premises where a conveyance is located.
- The procedure shall identify hazards and detail the safety precautions utilized in evacuating passengers from a stalled elevator.
- These procedures should be available to authorized elevator and emergency personnel.
- You should have the contractor’s number readily available to building personnel.
- The procedure should include the actions to be taken if a situation is life-threatening.
- Situations requiring the use of the local fire department should be included in the procedure (medical emergency).
Training and Education:
- In a catastrophic situation, in order to insure that a rescue by other than experienced elevator personnel is performed safely, the conveyance owner must select and train their employees in the proper evacuation procedures.
- Building personnel should be given training in the proper procedures for evacuating passengers in an emergency/disaster. When training personnel, advantage should be taken of the experience and expertise which may be provided by the State licensed contractor servicing the conveyance.
- Prior to conducting an evacuation, the following steps should be taken:
- The rescue team should verify that these steps have been taken, and while the rescue operation is in progress, the occupants of the conveyance should continually be kept informed and reassured of their safety.
Lack of an evacuation plan is a violation of the law that is designed to make sure that everyone using an elevator is safe. To read more about elevator evacuation plans, go to this link. The Illinois State Fire Marshal Office – Elevator safety Division website offers a tremendous amount of helpful information that can be accessed any time.